All Species

Oxeye Daisy

Leucanthemum vulgare

Why is it a problem?

  • Spreads by seeds (1,300-4,000 per plant that can remain viable over 20 years) and rhizomes
  • Spread by wind, animal droppings, contaminated seed, and with timber
  • Common in roadside ditches, disturbed sites, beach meadows, landscaped spaces
  • Decreases plant diversity and potentially increases erosion
  • Creates dense stands and can quickly replace half the grasses in a pastur
  • Unpleasant odor—not grazed by animals and toxic to insects
  • Hosts chrysanthemum stunt virus, aster yellows virus, tomato aspermy virus, and several nematode species

How do I manage this plant?

  • Dense groundcover inhibits establishment
  • Avoid trampling, mowing, and cutting, as these promote establishment
  • Intensive cultivation provides control
  • Nitrogen fertilizers are nearly as effective as herbicides
  • Herbicides are effective


More info on species biology